Can a network be established between the brain? -(nervous system and brain)

Can a Network Be Established Between The Nervous System and Brain

Today, it is possible to see the existence of a common point in many different subjects and areas, from the management structures to the use of social media, from the structure of the brain to the developments in cognition, from our communication in everyday life to innovation.

 

Mesh, which is expressed as ‘ networks ‘ with inter-units, networks or English. This mesh, network, how you name “networks” is affecting many topics from our business life to political events, health, education, technology, and from developments in our daily lives.

 

I’ve been observing a lot of personal, institutional, technical structure for a long time, and I’m more interested in issues related to “networks.” I would like to share my observations with you in this series of articles consisting of several articles.

 

Because I believe that the issues that have attracted my attention in my observations will create awareness in many different points for everyone in the institutional sense, in an individual sense.

 

What things do I talk about?

 

In a series of articles; I will try to share my observations and ideas on many different topics, such as the structure of the brain and how we operate, the model of neural networks, network theory, innovation, social media, managerial issues and individuals.

 

Let’s start by giving you some information about the functioning of our brain and our nervous system, perhaps the most important part of our body, which inspires all of this. The first spelling will be a summary to include points that I want to emphasize in order to be able to think about it in the framework of our topic.

 

To simplify, I took advantage of the information contained in different topics related to brain and neural networks in Wikipedia. I have added links into the article for some important concepts that I think you might be wondering in more detail. You can also take advantage of them.

 

The nervous system, the structure and functioning of the brain

 

The nervous system or neural network, which leads to the perception of the inner and outer environment of the living things, the information obtained, the data obtained, the functioning of the cells within the body thanks to the transmission of signals to different regions, organs, muscles A system that regulates their activities.

 

The simplest function of the nervous system is to transmit signals from one cell to another or from one part of the body to the others. 

 

Source: Merritt’s Neurology

 

The brain is an organ that serves as the centre of the nervous system.

The basic functional unit of the nerve cell or neuron nervous system and the main function is to realize the transfer of information.

 

The neurons communicate with each other with the help of long fibres (Axson) and are connected to each other with the help of “connections” called synapses at the most extreme point. When a neuron wishes to transmit any message, the brain must skip gaps between the two neurons in order to reach the relevant cell.

 

It is estimated that there are approximately 100 billion neurons in the human nervous system. A Normal neural cell is connected to more than 50,000 to 250,000 neurons.

 

Biological nerve cell structure (L. Fausett; Fundamentals of Neural Networks, 1994)

 

Messages passing from one neuron to another are transmitted/transferred via synapses, which are the junction locations between the cell that sent the message and the cell receiving the message (dendrite or Soma/cell body).

 

From the functions of the synapses, they took their names from the word sunaptein, meaning “to come together” in Greek. The more active messages the synapses send, the more efficient the intercellular connections work and the more “getting together” is possible.

 

Thanks to the chemical synapses, neurons in the central nervous system can create a neural network with each other, including neural circuits. Therefore, synapses constitute the basis for mental functions such as perception and thinking. It also depends on the presence of synapses that the nervous system communicates with other organs of the body.

 

I read it somewhere; The connection capacity of the neurons in just one gram of our brain is the same capacity as the telephone network in the world. (This topic can also be researched)

 

Map of neuron connections in the brain (www.humanconnectomeproject.org)

 

For example, there are 1016 (10,000 trillion) synapses in a small child. This figure decreases in reverse proportion with the age increase and stabilizes the adults. The number of synapses that an adult has varies between 1015 and 5×1015 (1,000-5,000 trillion). Of course, the reduction in synapses is not only related to ageing and forestation, but also with the use of information systems and requiring less synapse.

 

As it is seen, a whole with neural nets and the brain that constitutes the centre of it is in fact completely in the presence of intercellular communication. The effectiveness of synapses closely concerns the quality of every activity in our daily lives. Powerful synapses deliver energy, message, information to the receiver more quickly.

 

Well, the functioning of our nervous system, what other areas of synapses can be exemplary or what is happening?

I’ll take that in the next post of the show. 

 

İbrahim H. Kayral.

 

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